Plants found in Minnehaha Park 2019

• Listed in alphabetical order by Latin name, linked to Wikipedia page about it; common name, linked to my post about it;  date of photographic identification or bloom. Notes on historic sightings.

Acer negundo; Boxelder Maple; May 12, 2019.

Acer rubrum; Red Maple; April 16, 2019.

Arisaema triphyllum; Jack-in-the-pulpit; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park many times.  These include:  By Carlton Meck on 1914-05-17; by Ruth Johnson on 1923-05-19; and by F. Piruerisal on 2000-05-07.

Asarum canadenseWild Ginger, or Canadian Wild Ginger; April 26, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Lawrence Erickson in May, 1915 and by Edith Larson on 1937-05-06.

Caltha palustris; Marsh Marigold; April 26, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-16 and by W. Monserud on 1958-04-27.

Cardamine concatenata; Cutleaf Toothwort; April 26, 2019.

Cerioporus squamosus; Dryad’s Saddle; May 12, 2019.

Convallaria majalis; European lily-of-the-valley; May 17, 2019.

Coprinellus micaceus; Mica cap mushroom; May 17, 2019.

Cystopteris bulbifer; Bulblet Fern; May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Lycurgus Moyer, et al. on 1894-06-21.

Dicentra cucullaria; Dutchman’s breechesMay 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-24 and by F. Piruerisal in 1914-05-07.

Enemion biternatum; False Rue Anemone;April 26, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Lillian Miller on 1906-04-22, and by Ruth Johnson on 1913-05-13.

Erythronium albidum; Trout Lily; April 26 and May 12, 2019.  Seen below the falls on both sides of the creek in many locations.  According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed above Minnehaha Falls by F. Butters on 1895-04-26.

Glechoma hederacea; Creeping Charlie; May 12, 2019.

Maianthemum canadense; Canada Mayflower; May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed near Minnehaha by Ruth Johnson on 1972-05-30.  It seems entirely unlikely that this is the same Ruth Johnson who was collecting for the Bell Museum herbarium in 1900.

Maianthemum stellatum; Star-flowered lily of the valley; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park many times.  These include:  By Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-24; by Carlton Meck on 1914-05-16; by Lawrence Erickson in May, 1915; and by F. Piruerisal on 2000-05-07.

Plagiomnium cuspidata; Woodsy Thyme-Moss; May 17, 2019.

Prunus virginiana; Chokecherry; May 17, 2019.

Ribes americanum; American black currant; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by W. Beach on 1914-05-19, By Lawrence Erickson in April 1915, and by Ruth Johnson on an unspecified date.

Ribes cynosbati; Prickly Gooseberry; May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Carlton Meck on 1914-05-16 and by Lawrence Erickson in April, 1915.

Sambucus racemosa; Red-berried Elder; May 17, 2019.

Sanguinaria canadensis; BloodrootApril 26, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park many times, by Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-05, by anonymous observers on 1914-04-25 and again on 1923-05-01, and by Lawrence Erickson in April 1915.

Symplocarpus foetidus;  Skunk CabbageApril 16, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Carlton Meck on 1914-04-14 and by Lawrence Erickson in March, 1915.

Thalictrum dioicum; Early Meadow RueMay 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park many times.  Sightings include these: Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-26; E. Cox  on 1905-05-05; F. Piruerisal on 1914-04-23; Lawrence Erickson in April, 1915; and J. Clancy et al. on 2008-09-27.

Tilia americana; American basswood; May 17, 2019.

Toxicodendron rydbergii; Western Poison Ivy; May 17, 2019.

Uvularia grandiflora; MerrybellsMay 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1913-05-14 and by Lawrence Erickson in May, 1915.

Viburnum lantana; Wayfarer Tree; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, T. J. S Whitfeld recorded this at the Goldwater Spring on 2013-06-15.  The notes say that the specimen was planted.

Viola canadensis; Canadian White Violet; May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by C. Rosendahl on 1913-05-11.

Viola pubescens; Downy Yellow Violet; May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-24 and by F. Piruerisal in 1914-05-07.

Viola sororia; Common Blue Violet;  May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1914-05-16.

Viola sororia; Confederate VioletMay 12, 2019

Vitis riparia; River grapes, or Riverbank grapes; May 17, 2019.

• Observed but not identified:

moss, sporophytes seen in April 16, 2019

brown slime in water from seeps on both sides of the creek, probably some sort of iron-oxidizing bacteria also called “iron algae”; seen on April 16-26 and May 12, 2019.  Identifying these bacteria is beyond the scope of this project.

sedge, possibly Carex sprengelii (Sprengel’s Sedge), April 26, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, Carex sprengelii was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-19 and by J. Bernardini on 1958-05-27.

A horsetail.  I suspect Equisetum pratense. 12 May, 2019

Common LiverwortMarchantia polymorpha???, May 12, 2019

Trillium, or Large White-Flowered Trillium, also called Wake Robin; Trillium grandiflorum??? April 26 and May 12, 2019

Curly (or Curled) dock (Rumex crispus). May 17, 2019.  Might be a different dock.  The seeds will tell.

(updated through 12 May 2019)