Plants found in Minnehaha Park 2019

• Listed in alphabetical order by Latin name and linked to Wikipedia page about it; common name and linked to my post about it;  date of photographic identification or bloom. Notes on any historic sightings from the Bell Museum herbarium. [Link to minnesotawildflowers.info, a wonderful Minnesota-centric site built with dedication and rigor.]

Acer negundo; Boxelder Maple; May 12, 2019. [Boxelder Maple information]

Acer rubrum; Red Maple; April 16, 2019. [Red Maple information]

Arisaema triphyllum; Jack-in-the-pulpit; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park many times.  These include:  By Carlton Meck on 1914-05-17; by Ruth Johnson on 1923-05-19; and by F. Piruerisal on 2000-05-07. [Jack-in-the-pulpit information]

Asarum canadenseWild Ginger, or Canadian Wild Ginger; April 26, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Lawrence Erickson in May, 1915 and by Edith Larson on 1937-05-06. [Wild Ginger information]

Aquilegia canadensis; Wild Columbine; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by F. Piruerisal on 1914-05-07 and by Ruth Johnson on 1945-05-19. [Wild Columbine information]

Berberis; probably the Common Barberry; May 28, 2019.

Caltha palustris; Marsh MarigoldApril 26, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-16 and by W. Monserud on 1958-04-27. [Marsh Marigold information]

Cardamine concatenata; Cutleaf ToothwortApril 26, 2019. [More information]

Cardamine impatiens; Narrow-leaved Bittercress; June 2, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed near Minnehaha near the Coldwater Spring by A. Cholewa and Kathy Allen on 2013-06-15.

Celtis occidentalis; Common Hackberry; June 2, 2019.

Cerioporus squamosus; Dryad’s Saddle; May 12, 2019.

Convallaria majalis; European lily-of-the-valley; May 17, 2019.

Coprinellus micaceus; Mica cap mushroom; May 17, 2019.

Cornus alternifolia; Pagoda Dogwood; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by J. Clancy et al.  on 2008-09-27.

Corylus cornuta; Beaked Hazelnut; June 2, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed on the edge of the river bluff by C. Rosendahl  in June, 1914.

Cynoglossum officinale; Hound’s Tongue or Gypsy FlowerJune 2, 2019.

Cystopteris bulbifer; Bulblet Fern; May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Lycurgus Moyer, et al. on 1894-06-21.

Dicentra cucullaria; Dutchman’s breechesMay 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-24 and by F. Piruerisal in 1914-05-07.

Enemion biternatum; False Rue AnemoneApril 26, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Lillian Miller on 1906-04-22, and by Ruth Johnson on 1913-05-13.

Erythronium albidum; Trout LilyApril 26 and May 12, 2019.  Seen below the falls on both sides of the creek in many locations.  According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed above Minnehaha Falls by F. Butters on 1895-04-26.

Fragaria virginiana; Wild Strawberry; June 2, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed at Fort Snelling, in what is today the state park.  The observations were: C. Rosendahl on 1910-04-13; Lawrence Erickson in May, 1915; and A. Genenah 1967-05-17.

Fraxinus nigra; Black Ash; May 17, 2019.

Galium triflorumFragrant Bedstraw; May 28, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed by Ruth Johnson on 1929-05-24 and by I. Larson on 1975-05-28.

Geranium maculatum; Wild Geranium; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in Minnehaha Glen by Lawrence Erickson in May 1915.

Glechoma hederacea; Creeping Charlie; May 12, 2019.

Hydrophyllum virginianum; Virginia waterleaf; May 28, 2019.

Lonicera morrowii; Morrow’s Honeysuckle; May 28, 2019.

Lonicera ×bella; Showy HoneysuckleMay 28, 2019.

Lysimachia nummularia; Creepy Jenny or Moneywort; June 2, 2019.

Maianthemum canadense; Canada Mayflower; May 12, 2019. Bloom on June 2, 2019.  According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed near Minnehaha by Ruth Johnson on 1972-05-30.  It seems entirely unlikely that this is the same Ruth Johnson who was collecting for the Bell Museum herbarium in 1900.

Maianthemum racemosum; False Solomon’s Seal; June 2, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed on Mississippi River floodplain woodland between the V.A. Hospital and Minnehaha Park by I. Larson on 1975-05-28.

Maianthemum stellatum; Star-flowered lily of the valley; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park many times.  These include:  By Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-24; by Carlton Meck on 1914-05-16; by Lawrence Erickson in May, 1915; and by F. Piruerisal on 2000-05-07.

Menispermum canadense; Canada Moonseed; June 2, 2019.

Nepeta cataria; Catnip; June 2, 2019.

Onoclea sensibilis; Sensitive Fern; June 2, 2019.

Plagiomnium cuspidata; Woodsy Thyme-Moss; May 17, 2019.

Potentilla anserina; Silverweed Cinquefoil or Common Silverweed; June 2, 2019.

Prunus virginiana; Chokecherry; May 17, 2019.

Quercus rubra; Northern Red Oak; June 2, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Mildred Ericson on 1945-08-22.

Ranunculus abortivus; Small-flowered Buttercup; May 17, 2019.

Ranunculus recurvatus; Hooked Buttercup; May 28, 2019.

Ribes americanum; American black currant; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by W. Beach on 1914-05-19, By Lawrence Erickson in April 1915, and by Ruth Johnson on an unspecified date.

Ribes cynosbati; Prickly Gooseberry; May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Carlton Meck on 1914-05-16 and by Lawrence Erickson in April, 1915.

Sambucus racemosa; Red-berried Elder; May 17, 2019.

Sanguinaria canadensis; BloodrootApril 26, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park many times, by Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-05, by anonymous observers on 1914-04-25 and again on 1923-05-01, and by Lawrence Erickson in April 1915.

Sanicula odorata; Clustered Black SnakerootJune 2, 2019.

Smilax tamnoides; Bristly Greenbrier; May 28, 2019.

Staphylea trifolia; American bladdernut; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by W. Beach and E. Jahnke on 1914-05-14 and by J. Clancy et al. on 2008-09-27.

Symplocarpus foetidus;  Skunk CabbageApril 16, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Carlton Meck on 1914-04-14 and by Lawrence Erickson in March, 1915.

Thalictrum dioicum; Early Meadow RueMay 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park many times.  Sightings include these: Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-26; E. Cox  on 1905-05-05; F. Piruerisal on 1914-04-23; Lawrence Erickson in April, 1915; and J. Clancy et al. on 2008-09-27.

Tilia americana; American basswood; May 17, 2019.

Toxicodendron rydbergii; Western Poison Ivy; May 17, 2019.

Trametes gibbosa; Lumpy Bracket; May 17, 2019.

Uvularia grandiflora; MerrybellsMay 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1913-05-14 and by Lawrence Erickson in May, 1915.

Viburnum lantana; Wayfarer Tree; May 17, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, T. J. S Whitfeld recorded this at the Goldwater Spring on 2013-06-15.  The notes say that the specimen was planted.

Viburnum lentago; NannyberryJune 2, 2019.

Viola canadensis; Canadian White Violet; May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by C. Rosendahl on 1913-05-11.

Viola pubescens; Downy Yellow Violet; May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-24 and by F. Piruerisal in 1914-05-07.

Viola sororia; Common Blue Violet;  May 12, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, this plant was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1914-05-16.

Viola sororia; Confederate VioletMay 12, 2019

Vitis riparia; River grapes, or Riverbank grapes; May 17, 2019.

Zanthoxylum americanum; Prickly Ash; June 2, 2019.

• Observed but not identified:

moss, sporophytes seen in April 16, 2019

brown slime in water from seeps on both sides of the creek, probably some sort of iron-oxidizing bacteria also called “iron algae”; seen on April 16-26 and May 12, 2019.  Identifying these bacteria is beyond the scope of this project.

sedge, possibly Carex sprengelii (Sprengel’s Sedge), April 26, 2019. According to the Bell Museum’s Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas, Carex sprengelii was observed in the park by Ruth Johnson on 1900-05-19 and by J. Bernardini on 1958-05-27.

A horsetail.  I suspect Equisetum pratense. 12 May, 2019

Common LiverwortMarchantia polymorpha???, May 12, 2019

Trillium, or Large White-Flowered Trillium, also called Wake Robin; Trillium grandiflorum??? April 26 and May 12, 2019

Curly (or Curled) dock (Rumex crispus). May 17, 2019.  Might be a different dock.  The seeds will tell.

(updated through 28 May 2019)